Standard 3: Critical Reading and Writing: Students will apply critical thinking skills to reading and writing.

2.3.R.4 Students will find examples of literary devices:

simile

alliteration

onomatopoeia

Student Actions

Teacher Actions

Students find examples of similes in text.

Students find examples of alliteration in text.

Students find examples of onomatopoeia in text.

Simile

Teachers define similes as comparisons using like or as.

Teachers read texts containing similes.

Teachers model how to find examples of similes in text.

Teachers provide opportunities for students to find and explain similes found in text.

Teachers monitor and provide opportunities for students to receive feedback as students are finding examples of similes or examples of comparisons using like or as in text.

Alliteration

Teachers define alliteration as the repetition of the same initial consonant sound of each word in a connected text.

Teachers read texts containing alliteration.

Teachers model how to find examples of alliteration in text.

Teachers provide opportunities for students to find alliteration in text.

Teachers monitor and provide opportunities for students to receive feedback as students are finding examples of alliteration in text.

Onomatopoeia

Teachers define onomatopoeia as words that mimic the sounds they describe.

Teachers read texts containing onomatopoeia.

Teachers model how to find examples of onomatopoeia in text.

Teachers provide opportunities for students to identify onomatopoeia in text.

Teachers model and provide opportunities for students to receive feedback as students are finding examples of onomatopoeia in text.

Recommendations

Key Terms & Related Objectives

When students struggle to find examples of similes, teachers can…

review the meaning of similes.

use the book Muddy as a Duck Puddle and other American Similes by Laurie Lawlor to emphasize what similes look like and how they sound.

have students write similes to practice comparing two items.

have students illustrate similes found in text.

When students have difficulties finding alliteration in a text, teachers can…

review the meaning of alliteration.

provide students with an initial consonant sound and have them create alliterative sentences.

give students alliterative names such as “Happy Hannah” or “Lucky Luke” to practice alliteration.

When students struggle to find examples of onomatopoeia, teachers can…

pass out comic strips and have students highlight the onomatopoeia words.

play nature sounds and have students listen for sounds and list them. Make a T-chart that has the sound on one side and the source of the sound on the other.

pair students and have them create a list of five onomatopoeia words. The pairs will then write five sentences using the words correctly.

Alliteration: the repetition of the same initial consonant sound of each word in the connected text (e.g., Harry the happy hippo hula-hoops with Henrietta).

Onomatopoeia: words that mimic the sounds they describe.

Simile: a comparison of two things that are unlike, usually using the words like or as.

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