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Page history last edited by Jason Stephenson 6 months, 3 weeks ago


Standard 2: Reading and Writing Process

Students will use a variety of recursive reading and writing processes.


READING: Students will read and comprehend increasingly complex literary and informational texts.

6.2.R.3 Students will paraphrase main ideas with supporting details in a text.

Student Actions 

Teacher Actions 

  • Students will paraphrase the main ideas of a text using supporting details.

  • Students will record source (including the page) on note card in order to credit it easily if incorporated into paper.

  • Student will replace words or phrase to practice paraphrasing main idea and details.

  • Students will rearrange words within a sentence to make a new sentence.

  • Students will make sure the paraphrase is the same as the original text. 

  • Teachers model changing the structure and the vocabulary to rephrase the main ideas.

  • Teachers provide opportunities for students to rephrase main idea with supporting details in a text.

  • Teachers provide student feedback on the use of the main idea and details to paraphrase a text.

Supporting Resources 

Teacher Insights 

elaokframeworks.pbworks.com: Paraphrasing Literacy Progression (website)

OWL Purdue: Summarizing vs. Paraphrasing (website)

OWL Purdue: Paraphrasing Tips (website)

Difference between summarizing, paraphrasing, and generalizing (video)

Six Main Types of Reading Comprehension (pdf)


  • By paraphrasing, students will be able to distinguish the main idea with supporting details.

  • Paraphrasing is:

    • putting a passage from source material into one’s own words.

    • attributed to the original source.

    • usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.

    • a reader’s own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed in a text, presented in a new form.

    • Purdue OWL: 6 steps for effective paraphrasing

  • Students should be able to give credit to the original source appropriately.

  • Students need to know the difference between quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing.

    • QuotatIons must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.

    • Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) in your own words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.

Due to recursive nature of the standards, it is essential that teachers are aware of how all objectives within and between strands work together for optimal instruction.

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