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Standard 1: Speaking and Listening

Students will speak and listen effectively in a variety of situations including, but not limited to, responses to reading and writing.


READING: Students will develop and apply effective communication skills through speaking and active listening.

5.1.R.3 Students will engage in collaborative discussions about appropriate topics and texts, expressing their own ideas clearly while building on the ideas of others in pairs, diverse groups, and whole class settings. 

Student Actions 

Teacher Actions 

  • Students work together with peers on appropriate topics and texts.
  • Students express their own ideas clearly through discussion in pairs, small groups, and with the entire class.
  • Students expand on the ideas of others during collaborative discussions.


  • Teachers define expectations for collaborative discussion.

  • Teachers model how to and provide opportunities for students to express their own ideas and expand on the ideas of others during a collaborative discussion.

  • Teachers monitor and provide opportunities for students to receive feedback.

    • Redirect students who are not following the predetermined expectations for collaborative discussion

Supporting Resources 

Teacher Insights 

Collaborative Learning Tips and Strategies
  • The following three strategies provides student with opportunities to engage in collaborative dialogue:
  Turn and Talk, Think-pair-share, Talking Tickets 
  • Collaborative dialogue with students to students or in groups should be a common practice of everyday lessons. This gives students the opportunity to be engaged in thinking, talking, and responding.
  • Collaborative discussions are discussions that provide opportunities for speakers and listeners to use dialogue and interaction to raise issues, explore ideas, make claims, discover differences, and find ways to explore all aspects of ELA. These take many forms such as Socratic seminars, Think-Pair-Share, or debate are a combination of students in small or large discourse communities.
  • Collaborative discussions are characterized by purposeful talk focused around topics and texts appropriate to the grade level and discipline. They are sustained discussions between students in which ideas are presented, defended, elaborated upon, and responded to.
  • Collaborative conversations require procedures, practice, and routines.  For ideas in setting up expectations for collaborative conversations, see Supporting Resources. 

Due to recursive nature of the standards, it is essential that teachers are aware of how all objectives within and between strands work together for optimal instruction.

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