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Page history last edited by Danielle Calvin 1 year, 8 months ago


Standard 5: Language

Students will apply knowledge of grammar and rhetorical style to reading and writing.


For additional guidance, there is a Grammar Companion Guide on page 8 of the Support Documents.


WRITING: Students will demonstrate command of Standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage through writing and other modes of communication.
3.5.W.2 Students will use complex contractions (e.g., should’ve, won’t).

Student Actions 

Teacher Actions 

  • Students will use contractions with the words have, will, and are (complex contractions) in writing.  (e.g., should’ve, they’ll, and we’re) 
  • Teachers model use of contractions with the words have, will, and are in writing.

  • Teachers provide opportunities for students to use contractions with the words have, will, and are in writing.

  • Teachers monitor and provide opportunities for students to receive feedback when using complex contractions.

Supporting Resources 

Teacher Insights 

Jack Hartmann - "Contractions 1" YouTube video

List of Contractions PDF 

  • A contraction is two words made shorter by placing an apostrophe where letters have been omitted.

  • Students often confuse the apostrophe with a comma. Make sure this is corrected before students get in the habit of calling the apostrophe a comma.

Due to recursive nature of the standards, it is essential that teachers are aware of how all objectives within and between strands work together for optimal instruction.

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